# Example Problem with Complete Solution

6F-1 : Relationship Between Carnot Cycle Efficiencies 5 pts
Three Carnot heat engines operate between three thermal reservoirs, as shown in the diagram, below. Derive an equation for the thermal efficiency of HEC (hC), in terms of the thermal efficiency of HEA (hA) and the thermal efficiency of HEB (hB).

Read : The key to this problem is the fact that all three heat engines are Carnot Engines and their efficiencies are completely determined by the temperatures of the three reservoirs.  Our goal is to algebraically manipulate the three equations for the three efficiencies in order to eliminate all three temperatures.
Given: HE1 absorbs heat from a reservoir at T1 and rejects heat to a reservoir at T2.
HE2 absorbs heat from a reservoir at T2 and rejects heat to a reservoir at T3.
HE3 absorbs heat from a reservoir at T1 and rejects heat to a reservoir at T3.
Find: Diagram: The diagram in the problem statement is adequate.
Assumptions: 1 - All three heat engines are Carnot Heat Engines.
Equations / Data / Solve:
Begin by applying the equation relating the thermal efficiency of a Carnot Engine to the temperatures of the reservoirs to all three heat engines. Eqn 1 Eqn 2 Eqn 3
Rearrange Eqns 1 & 2 as follows : Eqn 4 Eqn 5
Multiply Eqn 4 by Eqn 5 to get : Eqn 6
Now, substitute Eqn 6 back into Eqn 3 : Eqn 7
Simplify Eqn 7 : Eqn 8
Finally : Eqn 9
Verify: We cannot verify that the heat engines are Carnot Engines, but the problem statement instructed us to make this assumption.  