Real Equipment Does Not Execute a Carnot Cycle

  • It is very difficult to build a heat exchanger that exchanges heat isothermally without a phase change.
  • Most compressors do not work well on two-phase mixtures
  • Turbines are not designed to handle vapor-liquid mixtures.
Why is the Carnot Cycle impractical ?
Process flow diagram of a Carnot gas refrigeration cycle.
Process flow diagram of a Carnot vapor-compression refrigeration cycle.
TS Diagram for a Carnot vapor-compression refrigeration cycle.
TS Diagram for a Carnot gas refrigeration cycle.
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Ch 10, Lesson A, Page 3 - Real Equipment Does Not Execute a Carnot Cycle